Recognition of the symptoms of a concussion by Canadian and Hungarian ice hockey players

Written by Attila Nagy, Csaba Kiss, Csaba Sós, Gábor Géczi on . Posted in Special issue: Mental aspects of sport performance - Volume XXI, Nr 4


Attila Nagy1,*, Csaba Kiss2, Csaba Sós1, Gábor Géczi1

1 University of Physical Education (TF), Budapest, Hungary
2 Department of Organisational Behaviour, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary


The objective of the current study was to measure and compare the Canadian and Hungarian ice hockey players’ concussion recognition skills. A total of 128 Canadian and Hungarian ice hockey players were evaluated for the purposes of this study using the Concussion Recognition Questionnaire. At the moment of the evaluation, all participants were 16 years old and members of their national team. Our findings showed that the Canadian players identified more real symptoms and signs of concussion compared to Hungarian players, while the Hungarian players were significantly more accurate in terms of recognizing which were the fake symptoms. Importantly, previous experience concerning concussion did not influence the players’ ability to recognize correct concussion-related symptoms. This research has crucial practical implications, as they highlight the importance of developing players’ knowledge and skills of concussion recognition for preventing negative physical health outcomes.

Keywords: ice hockey, concussion, symptoms, recognition, player



* Corresponding author:
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.