The present work aims to address the study of the temperament dimension Self-Regulation in children, in connection to attention processes. The studies reviewed suggest that attentional mechanisms contribute to the development of emotional/behavioral self-regulation abilities. Individual differences in attentional control have also been found related to regulatory capacities. These findings support the hypothesis of a common biological basis. Although originally biological, self-regulation tendencies are shaped by experiential factors of the individual and by environmental influences. In this respect, the role of caregivers in guiding the developmental pattern of self-regulation is stressed.
KEYWORDS: self-regulation, effortful control, attentional networks, temperament, childhood.